Unemployment is very low in Virginia and it continues to go down, from 3.5% in 2005 to 3.2% in 2006. There were 100,000 new jobs last year and earnings went up 3.2%. Virginia has a wide variety of farming, although tobacco is its main cash crop. Cattle, poultry, dairy products, hogs, soybeans are also grown in the region. Industrial jobs in transportation equipment, textiles, food processing, printing, electric equipment, and chemical production are also important aspects of the economy. Although, Virginias primary employment and economy rests heavily on the government. Over one fourth, of workers in the state are employed by the government. Virginia has many government establishments like the Pentagon and other federal government buildings in the area. Virginia is also the home port of the Navys Atlantic Fleet.
Since the No Child Left Behind Act, the board of education for Virginia has enacted a new testing policy. The SOL or Standards of Learning test is given in English, math, history, social science and science to see what children are learning in what schools. The state does not have a test that needs to be passed in order to graduate. Graduation rates are up in recent years from 75.2% in 1990 to 81.5% in 2000.