This section of the site is about Anthropology Jobs and what qualifications and required and where Anthropologists find employment in
What is Anthropology?
Anthropology is the scientific study of the origin and behavior of humans and the development of societies and cultures. Of particular interest is analyzing how societies hold together.
What Do Anthropologists Do?
Anthropologists are social scientists who study the origins of societies and cultures. This includes study of the physical, social and cultural behavior of humans. Study of the way of life may involve language, archeological remains or physical characteristics of people world-wide, or in a specific geographic location.
Anthropologists make empirical observations of people and places as social scientists. They study all aspects of society including past events and achievements, and human behavior and relationships among groups. They engage in research of various cultures, orally and in writing. Many anthropologists teach and conduct research and fieldwork.
What do qualifications do Anthropologists need?
A good anthropologist is a good listener, a skilled discrepant observer, and keeps good records. An experienced anthropologist has a healthy sense of skepticism. The minimal academic requirement for professional employment at an entry level is an undergraduate degree. Entry level positions are research assistants or administrative aides. Specific personal qualities vary in accord with the type of employment or specialty selected. These characteristics include intellectual curiosity, creativity, logical and methodical thinking, objectivity, perseverance, patience and excellent communication skills among others. A clear sense of professional ethics is critical for anthropologists. Secret studies are discouraged. This is to prevent the misuse of data for political purposes.
What areas do Anthropologists cover in their courses?
Coursework for anthropology includes research techniques, geography, biology, chemistry, earth science, mathematics, statistics, human anatomy, and computer sciences. Modern languages, history, religious studies, psychology and sociology will also build a foundation for anthropologists.
Participant observation is one characteristic that distinguishes anthropology from other disciplines. It requires direct fieldwork, studying the people within their own social setting and learning by direct experience.
Developing an anthropological perspective is critical and sets anthropologists apart as researchers. This perspective takes these approaches to research:
1. cross-cultural or comparative, investigate humans in every form.
2. holistic, relate every part of culture to every other part.
3. relativistic, understand that the meaning of an act or behavior is relative to the culture that created it.
What areas of specialization may Anthropologists choose?
There are four primary areas of specialization within the discipline of anthropology:
* Physical anthropology studies the diversity of the human body in the past and present.
* Cultural anthropology studies the diversity of current human behavior.
* Archaeology studies the diversity of human behavior in the past.
* Linguistic anthropology studies the diversity and development of human language in the past and present.
* Social anthropology, cognitive anthropology and behavioral anthropology and ecological anthropology are additional areas of specializations.
* Contemporary anthropologists study and analyze globalization, medicine and biotechnology, and indigenous rights.
* More recent specializations include: Forensic anthropology, Applied anthropology , Cross-Cultural Studies, Cyber anthropology, Development anthropology , Economic anthropology , Ecological anthropology, Ethnography, Ethnomusicology, Medical anthropology, Psychological anthropology, Anthropology of religion, Urban anthropology and Ethnolinguistics or Sociolinguistics.
Where do Anthropologists work?
Anthropologists are employed by universities, government agencies, museums, physical anthropology laboratories. The specific locations will vary along with the areas of specialization. Some anthropologists work at parks and historic sites as conservation or restoration technicians, cultural artifact curators or historical society consultants.