History of Modern Greece



  • 1453 - The Turks conquer the Greek World.
  • 1769 - First stirrings of rebellion among the Greeks.
  • 1797 - Corfu taken by the French.
  • 1809 - The Ionian Islands taken by the British.
  • 1814 - The Society of Friends is founded to organise resistance activities against the Turks.
  • 1821 - Greek War of Independence begins.
  • 1830 - Greek Independence.
  • 1834 - Athens becomes the capital of Greece.
  • 1837 - The University of Athens is founded.
  • 1864 - Ionian Islands united with Greece.
  • 1878 - Cyprus occupied by Britain.
  • 1896 - First Olympic Games of modern times held in Athens.
  • 1897 - Greek-Turkish War.
  • 1912 - Dodecanese occupied by Italy.
  • 1923 - Treaty of Lausanne.
  • 1924 - Greece declared a republic.
  • 1940 - Greece and Italy at War.
  • 1941 - Greece and Germany at War.
  • 1941-1944 - German occupation, national resistance movement.
  • 1948 - Dodecanese Islands reunited with Greece.
  • 1974 - Turkish invasion of Cyprus.