This area provides an insight into cryobiology jobs and qualifications required, specializations and places where cryobiologists are employed.
What is cryobiology?
Cryobiology is the study of the effects of very low temperatures on living organisms, organs, biological tissues or biological cells . Cryobiology can be considered to include the study of any biological material or system, such as proteins, cells, tissues, or organs in temperatures below normal. Those temperatures may range from cryogenic range to mild hypothermia range. The effects of low temperatures and ice formation are important in plant and animal science, microbiology, medicine, entomology and food science.
What do cryobiologists do?
Research and lab work is the primary part of the cryobiologists day, things they do include:Preservation of cells and tissues for purposes of long-term storage
Cryosurgery, a minimally invasive approach for destruction of unhealthy tissue
Lyophilization (freeze-drying) of pharmaceuticals
The study of cold-adaptation of plants and animals.
What qualifications do cryobiologists need?
A masters degree level of specialization appears to be the starting point for professional cryobiologists. A solid academic degree in a biological science and attention to detail are valuable qualities.
Two tracks leading to a career in cryonics are the medical track, and the science/engineering track. The engineering and physics preparation helps develop instruments and techniques to generate and manage extreme cold temperatures. The medical background benefits cryosurgery and medical research.
What areas are included in cryobiology courses?
Graduate level programs in cryobiology are often 1 2 years in length.
They include coursework in basic and advanced research methods.
Principles of cryobiology
Students work with professionals and conduct basic research such as cryopreservation of ovarian tissue, carbohydrate partitioning in oat and rye during cold acclimation and freezing
Cryobanking and conservation methods and ethics
What areas of specialization may cryobiologists choose?
The ability to manipulate both the physical and the biological aspects of living systems during cryogenic temperatures ensures that cryobiology will remain an active field of study. A multitude of specialties arises:Cryoimmunology, improves access to target cells
Cryosurgery and cancer research are both in the forefront of contemporary medicine. Dramatic reductions in cancer persistence appear to be possible with cryosurgery used in addition to conventional surgery.
Medical specialties include assisted reproduction, tissue and organ transplants.
In veterinary science the special field of animal breeding benefits from cryobiology.
Both agriculture and aquaculture see applications of adaptations to extreme cold conditions.
Conservation of endangered species is a highly specialized area.
Improved banking of genetic material is a high interest specialty.
The controversial field of cryonics is still growing and striving for the day when vitrification of living organic materials can become a more standard option for patient treatment.
Where do cryobiologists work?
Professional level career opportunities in the field of biophysics are found in teaching and research at colleges, universities, medical centers, research institutes and pharmaceutical companies.
Some of these roles require advanced degrees; some are entry level into this cold field of study.
An attorney interested in protecting cryonics rights in your state. A scientist interested in advising private research companies.
A medical professional interested in advising or assisting directly with cryobiology methodology.
A paramedic or EMT interested in cryonics field work.