Microbiology can simply be termed as the scientific in-depth study of the microbial universe. These ever-so-tiny living organisms (though many debate whether they are a part of the living world at all) are such an integral part of our lives, affecting it all the while, without us knowing much about them. Right from the common cold (which has baffled scientists till date) to complex viruses like human immunodeficiency virus or HIV.
Microbiology is vast field, replete with opportunities, though it had a head start in the early 17h century with Antony van Leeuwenhoek, also referred as the father of microbiology. Across the globe, innumerable researches are being carried out at this very moment in different disciplines of microbiology. From isolating genes responsible for various ailments, to finding a cure for AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) or even the contentious issue of human cloning. There are a lot of specialised field that one can follow in Microbiology, namely:
Immunobiology: The study of the immune factors that affect the growth, development, and health of biological organisms.
Epidemiology: The branch of medicine that deals with the study of the causes, distribution, and control of disease in populations.
Environmental Microbiology: Introduction to the principles, methodology, and practical applications and implications of environmental microbiology.
General Mycology: A study on the fungi; their morphology, taxonomy, life cycles, and identification of representative organisms.
Microbial Metabolism: A comparative study of metabolic pathways of the prokaryotes with emphasis on anabolic metabolism, nutrient assimilation, and energy generation.
Pathogenic Bacteriology: Study of various disease-causing bacteria, including group characteristics, host ranges, pathogenic mechanisms, and public health significance.
Microbial Genetics: Consideration of the physical, chemical, and functional nature of genetic processes in microorganisms.
Virology: The study of viruses and viral diseases.