Civil Engineering Jobs

This area provides information on civil engineering jobs including their specializations and tasks involved

What is Civil Engineering about ?

Civil engineering is the designing of community structures like roadways, buildings, tunnels, bridges, and sewage systems. Tasks are accomplished through an analysis of populations, infrastructures, capacity, and existing systems, and well as the organization of resources. Civil engineering is sometimes referred to as municipal engineering or construction engineering.

What is a Civil Engineer?

In effort to accomplish the goals of civil engineering tasks, civil engineers often work as supervisors when on the job. Before a job begins, civil engineers investigate construction sites, make budgets, and design the structure to be built. Once the job begins, civil engineers are often on site organizing and supervising the delivery and use of materials, equipment, and human resources. They are responsible for documentation and follow-up as the project moves towards completion. Once completed, civil engineers are involved in the final inspection and in the process of turning the structure over to the community and those who will maintain it.

What qualifications do Civil Engineers need ?

Civil engineers need a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering with study in a broad range of subjects including management, communication, computer technology, and mathematics in addition to the core civil engineering courses. Additional certifications or licenses may be required in some areas or companies. Those considering civil engineering careers must be comfortable with taking responsibility and with leading others. A graduate degree is highly recommended, particularly because the job duties of a civil engineer lend themselves to management positions that require it. A PhD is required for research and university level teaching jobs.

What types of tasks are involved with Civil Engineering ?

In the course of designing and directing construction, civil engineers wear many hats. There are several steps involved with taking a project like a tunnel or an irrigation system from concept to physical existence and use. During the course of a project, a civil engineer may perform the following tasks:

  • Research the need for roads, airports, or other structures in a specific location.
  • Prepare contracts
  • Evaluate and recommend materials
  • Conduct surveys
  • Take photographs
  • Design all the elements of a construction project
  • Monitor project progress and handle challenges
  • Obtain the appropriate permits and clearances
  • Implement maintaninance procedures and follow-up
  • Prepare and present specifications
  • Review bids from contractors
  • Inspect work on an ongoing basis
  • Conduct feasibility studies and environmental impact studies
  • Take on client relations responsibilities
  • Prepare and monitor budget
  • Are there any areas of specialization in Civil Engineering ?

    Civil engineers can specialize in a variety of areas. The viability of certain specializations depends on your location. Some options are:

  • water resources
  • environmental engineering
  • municipal planning
  • construction
  • hydraulics
  • transportation
  • geotechnical engineering
  • foundation analysis
  • Transportation engineering
  • architecture
  • surveying
  • building inspection
  • structural engineering
  • public health
  • Who employs Civil Engineers ?

    Civil engineers are employed primarily by government, utilities, architectural firms, builders, and engineering firms. There are also career options available in education and consulting.