This area provides information on Neuroscience jobs including qualifications they require, what they do and places they work.
What is Neuroscience?
Neuroscience is the study of the structure, development and function of the nervous system. The study of the nervous system includes the brain, the spinal cord, and networks of sensory nerve cells, or neurons, throughout the body.
What Do Neuroscientists Do?
Neuroscience requires laboratory research and analysis of a wide range of data from electrical or electro-magnetic to mathematics or physiological. Neuroscientists work toward understanding how the human brain functions. Neuroscientists also seek ways to prevent or cure psychiatric disorders and neurological diseases, such as Alzheimers or Parkinsons.
Research is a top priority and it may range from genes at molecular levels or to behavior in observable psychiatric cases. A molecular biologist specializing in Neuroscience may isolate and describe genes that produce the proteins for critical neuron functions.
Neuroscientists analyze, use tools and create innovations for neuroscientists to conduct their studies. Some examples are the electron microscope to look inside neurons; or positron emission instruments for medical applications.
What do qualifications do Neuroscientists need?
A Neuroscientist needs an interest in basic neuroscience and an aptitude for electronics and computing. The ability to approach problems in an innovative manner, the ability to work as part of a team, the ability to write and present work to colleagues, and the ability to conduct research are all essential skills.
Prospective neuroscientists come from different undergraduate backgrounds, such as
psychology, zoology, physics, anthropology, biology, chemistry, physiology, or philosophy. Some universities have neuroscience departments at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.
Laboratory technicians need an undergraduate degree. Advanced degrees in such areas as psychology, biology, biochemistry, medicine, bio-technology, pharmacology, bioengineering, or behavioral genetics are required for specialization.
What areas of specialization may Neuroscientists choose?
All Neuroscience is specialized, yet requires a multi-disciplinary approach. Neuroanatomists study the structure of the nervous system. Neurobiologists study its biology. Neurochemists study the chemistry of the nervous system. A Neurosurgeon is a medical doctor who performs surgery on the nervous system. A Neuropathologist is either a medical doctor or has a Ph.D. and studies diseases of the nervous system. Neuropharmacologists study the effects of medicines on the nervous system or behavior. Neurophysiologists study nervous system physiology. A Neuropsychologist studies brain and behavior relationships. A nurse who specializes in Neuroscience cares for patients with neurological disorders. Developmental neuroscientists study how the brain grows and changes. Behavioral and cognitive neuroscientists study functions such as perception, learning, and memory in animals. Clinical neuroscientists are psychiatrists, neurologists and others who apply basic research findings to prevent and treat neurological disorders. . An electro-neuro-diagnostic technician records electrical activity from the brain and spinal cord.
Where do Neuroscientists work?
Neuroscientists may teach on the faculty at medical, dental, pharmacy, nursing or veterinary schools, or hospitals, medical centers, and universities. Other neuroscientists conduct research or lead with administrative positions in government laboratories, private research foundations, and in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and chemical industries.
Neuroscientists also work in government regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency, or in industrial organizations that work with these agencies. Entry level positions as technicians requiring an undergraduate degree in neuroscience can be found in biomedical research laboratories, in pharmaceutical or health product companies or public health programs.