Provides career information on Psychiatry jobs as well as qualifications needed, specialization and where they work.
What is Psychiatry?
Psychiatry is the study of the human mind. It includes thought processes and the biochemistry of brain functions. Psychiatrists diagnose, treat and try to prevent mental and emotional illness and behavioral disorders. General Psychiatry includes managing patients in medical and community settings. Psychiatrists are medical doctors.
What Do Psychiatrists Do?
Psychiatrists listen and talk to patients about their mental, emotional or behavioral problems and assess the status of these disorders. They study both the medical and mental background of the patient. They may prescribe medications, cognitive therapy, behavioral therapy or psychological counseling in accord with the patients needs. They may order laboratory tests, imaging, assessment tests or other diagnostic procedures. Psychiatrists analyze the data from these assessment tools with reference to direct observations of the patient in counseling or therapy sessions either group or individual. Psychiatrists can expect to have regular work hours in reasonably comfortable physical settings. The severity of clients responses and the amount of cases may generate stressful situations.
What do qualifications do Psychiatrists need?
Psychiatrists need to be good communicators capable of working with a multidisciplinary team to provide the support services needed for a wide array of acute and chronic psychiatric conditions. Their personal qualities should include:
Good listening skills, careful history taking, a high degree of interpersonal skills, good clinical skills with sound experience in Psychiatry, a calm demeanor with patients, caregivers, colleagues, a high level of interviewing skills, excellent record-keeping skills, a clear understanding of socially acceptable and unacceptable behavior without casting judgment on patients and a willingness to respond to emergencies as needed.
What areas do Psychiatrists cover in their courses?
Prospective Psychiatrists need a foundation in medicine at undergraduate and doctoral levels.
This would include biology, chemistry, communications, psychology and mathematics.
A broad scholarly preparation in a liberal arts program will serve an aspiring psychiatrist well, if it has a good science balance.
What areas of specialization may Psychiatrists choose?
Three major areas in public health are Rehabilitation, Substance Abuse or Liaison Psychiatry.
Some psychiatrists undertake further training, specializing in areas such as child and adolescent psychiatry, psychotherapy, geriatric psychiatry is an emerging field, psychiatry of learning disabilities or even in particular types of mental conditions such as depression or obsessive-compulsive disorders or suicide intervention or forensic psychiatry.
Forensic Psychiatry addresses some of the most disturbed and difficult to manage patients in psychiatric practice. It is the assessment and treatment of offenders with mental or emotional or behavioral disorders. Treatment settings vary from high security hospitals to medium secure units and community forensic services, as well as the opportunity to treat patients in prison settings.
Psychiatrists may receive requests for advice from the courts, the probation service, the prison service and psychiatric colleagues or schools.
Where do Psychiatrists work?
Psychiatrists may work for hospitals, schools, prisons, rehabilitation centers, private practice, crisis management agencies, governments, universities or the military.