This section provides information on Genomics Jobs including information on where genomic scientists are employed.
What is Genomics?
Genomics is the study of an organism's genome and the use of the genes. The genome refers to the totality of genes in an organism at a given time under particular conditions.
Genomics studies include the organization, function and evolution of genetic material at the level of the whole genome rather than individual genes. It analyzes hereditary material of living organisms. Systematic study of genome information can be applied to resolve questions in biology, medicine and industry.
What Do Genomics scientists do?
Laboratory research and analysis and computer modeling are primary tasks of genomics. Statistical analysis and sequencing of data are part of the analysis of gene functions and measurement of gene _expression. Future genomic scientists are likely to spend more time at the computer than at a laboratory bench.
What do qualifications do Genomics scientists need?
Attention to detail, interest in molecular biology and biochemistry, laboratory skills, research experience and computer programming will be essential. A clear understanding of ethical issues in molecular life sciences is helpful.
Valuable characteristics of a genomics scientist include the ability to: design experiments and recognize the limitations of such designs and
integrate thought from multiple perspectives and
·appreciate challenges which require new ways of looking at problems and new types of collaborations with a diverse people
work independently or as part of a team
communicate clearly and concisely, both orally and in writing.
What areas do Genomics Scientists cover in their courses?
A good knowledge base of biology, and other sciences and mathematics is valuable. Undergraduate preparation should include a biochemistry or molecular biology major, advanced computer and mathematic skills and physics are needed. Research is an essential part of the undergraduate experience.
Genomics may be found in biochemistry or molecular biology or chemistry departments. Graduate courses may include: Medical Genomics
Both genetics and genomics interact directly with molecular diagnostics which is an exceptionally active field in science and medicine at this time.
What areas of specialization are available in Genomics?
Genomics specialties continue to evolve along with this emerging science.
Research associates may specialize in: Functional genomics
Species specific genomics
Where do Genomics Scientists work?
Genomic scientists may be involved in many basic research areas or in developing applications for:
· environmental assessment
As new applications of research continue to develop a variety of genomics work will become available in agriculture and horticulture and food industries, bioindustry, diagnostic laboratories, and in health and environment sectors.
These highly technical and specialized scientists work at institutions or industries or agencies with the financial capability of supporting extensive research.
Genomics research associates are employed at universities, research institutes, corporations, pharmaceutical companies or hospitals or government agencies.
Employment for undergraduate level genomic scientists may include laboratory technician work, education, communication or sales and marketing, manufacturing, business development, or information technology.