This section contains information on Oncology Jobs and where they find employment
What Is Oncology?
Oncology is the medical study and treatment of cancer. A physician who practices oncology is an oncologist. Cancer research is about the biology of malignant disease. Cancer researchers are oncologists.
What Do Oncologists Do?
The oncologists role is to explain the cancer diagnosis and explain the process of the disease and what stage it is in at the time of diagnosis. The oncologist discusses treatment options, recommends the best course of treatment and ensures optimal care and quality of life. Oncologists are often responsible for coordinating the overall care of cancer patients from counseling and clinical genetics to physiotherapy, palliative care, and pain and symptom management.
A significant portion of the oncologists time is oncologist's following-up with cancer patients who have been successfully treated. Early identification of cancer recurrence often leads to better survival and quality of life. The follow-up may continue for many years.
What Do Qualifications Do Oncologists Need?
An oncologist needs special personal qualities such as compassion, patience and sensitivity. Ethical questions often arise about how much to tell a patient or whether to suggest experimental therapy and how to handle the patients desire to die quickly and quietly. Medical training and psychological education are part of the academic qualifications necessary for oncologists. The ability to communicate orally and in writing and to work as part of a healthcare team are both essential.
What Areas Do Oncologists Cover In Their Courses?
Biomedical and oncology research, diagnostic imaging, experimental oncology, genetics, experimental hematology, hematology-oncology, immunology, molecular oncology, neuro-oncology, pathology, radiation oncology, surgical procedures and care are all part of the oncologists
Pharmacokinetic and pharmacology research involves studies of current and new drugs and their effects on cancers. Laboratory research techniques including cell culture, sample preparation and performing assays are part of cancer research education.
Oncologists may work in clinical research with physicians in areas such as chart review, record screening and examination, data collection and entry. Students with computer skills may choose diagnostic imaging projects such as MR image analysis, radiation oncology projects such as 3D treatment planning or portal image processing.
What Specializations May Oncologists Choose?
There are four major disciplines in clinical oncology:
* Medical oncology- treating cancer with medicine or chemotherapy.
* Surgical oncology - the surgical aspects of cancer including biopsy, staging and surgical resection of tumors.
* Radiation oncology treating cancer with therapeutic radiation.
* Pediatric oncology
Oncologists may specialize in particular types of cancer, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, leukemia, gynecological, lymphoma, brain or spinal cord cancer etc. Another specialization is "secondary cancer", tumors caused by treatment for a different cancer.
Where Do Oncologists Work?
Oncologists work at hospitals, research laboratories, universities, cancer institutes, pharmaceutical companies. The amount of research in process in all areas of oncology, from cancer cell biology to chemotherapy treatment regimens and optimal palliative care and pain relief makes oncology a continuously changing field.