Physical sciences, in contrast to other disciplines in science, generally focus on non-living enterprises. This includes specialties in chemistry, with branches in inorganic, theoretical, nuclear, and electrochemistry; earth science, including oceanography, geophysics, and climatology; and physics, with sub-specialties in kinetics, waves and sound, light, and electromagnetism.
Many individuals of physical science programs become lifelong scholars, participating in research and development programs and teaching in academic settings. Many positions in this field will require extensive dedication to ongoing education, as it is often necessary to keep up with evolving disciplines. Many entry-level positions as technicians and research assistants are also available for students who complete associates and bachelors degrees.